• Name : Bala
  • English Name :Country Mallow
  • Scientific Name :Sida cordifolia



Bala is a perennial herb native to India.


Morphology Description (Habit):

S. cordifolia is an erect perennial that reaches 50 to 200 cm (20 to 79 in) tall, with the entire plant covered with soft white felt-like hair that is responsible for one of its common names, ?flannel weed?. The stems are yellow-green, hairy, long, and slender. The yellow-green leaves are oblong-ovate, covered with hairs, and 3.5 to 7.5 cm (1.4 to 3.0 in) long by 2.5 to 6 cm (0.98 to 2.4 in) wide. The flowers are dark yellow, sometimes with a darker orange center, with a hairy 5-lobed calyx and 5-lobed corolla.


Parts Used:




The following alkaloids were reported from S. cordifolia growing in India: β-phenethylamine, ephedrine, pseudo-ephedrine, S-(+)-Nb-methyltryptophan methyl ester, hypaphorine, vasicinone, vasicinol, choline, and betaine.

The roots and stems contain the alkaloid ephedrine; recent analyses have revealed that ephedrine and pseudoephedrine constitute the major alkaloids from the aerial parts of the plant, which also show traces of sitosterol and palmitic, stearic and hexacosanoic acids.

The flavones: 5,7-dihydroxy-3-isoprenyl flavone (1) and 5-hydroxy-3-isoprenyl flavone (2), β-sitosterol and stigmasterol have been isolated from the plant.

The analgesic alkaloid (5′-Hydroxymethyl-1′-(1,2,3,9-tetrahydro-pyrrolo [2,1-b] quinazolin-1-yl)-heptan-1-one) has also been found. Sterculic, malvalic and coronaric acids have been isolated from the seed oil, along with other fatty acids.1


Pharmacological Actions:

As per Ayurveda, Bala is Tridoshahara especially Vatapittahara. The primary pharmacological actions of this rejuvenating herb are summarized as under:


Central Nervous System: 

i. Excellent neuroprotective effect owing to considerable anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities.2


Respiratory System: 

i. Useful in Asthma and Nasal Congestion owing to the presence of Ephedrine and Pseudoephedrine.


Digestive System: 

i. Potent hepatoprotective action against alcohol-induced toxicity owing to significant antioxidant effect.3


Others : 

i. Significant analgesic4, anti-inflammatory, anti-stress, adaptogenic5 and cardioprotective activities.

ii. Considerable anti-pyretic and anti-ulcerogenic activities.6

iii. S. cordifolia has a pronounced antinociceptive activity on orofacial nociception.7



Inflammation of Oral mucosa (Stomatitis)

Nasal Congestion

Convalescence and Rheumatism

Stress, Fatigue and allied disorders

Arthritis, Spermatorrhea, Leucorrhea, Nervine and General Weakness, Bronchitis and Bronchial Asthma



1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sida_cordifolia

2. Swathy SS, Panicker S, Nithya RS, et al. Antiperoxidative and Anti-inflammatory effect of Sida cordifolia Linn. on quinolinic acid induced neurotoxicity. Neurochemical Research. 2010; 35(9): 1361-7.

3. Rejitha S, Prathibha P, Indira M. Amelioration of alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity by the administration of ethanolic extract of Sida cordifolia Linn. British Journal of Nutrition. 2012; 1-8.

4. Konate K, Bassole IH, Hilou A, et al. Toxicity assessment and analgesic activity investigation of aqueous acetone extracts of Sida acuta Burn f. and Sida cordifolia L. (Malvaceae) medicinal plants of Burkina Faso. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2012; 12(1): 120.

5. Sumanth M, Mustafa SS. Antistress, Adaptogenic activity of Sida cordifolia roots in Mice. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2009; 71(3): 323-4.

6. Philip BK, Muralidharan A, et al. Preliminary evaluation of anti-pyretic and anti-ulcerogenic activities of Sida cordifolia methanolic extract. Fitoterapia. 79(3): 229-31.

7. Bonjardim LR, Silva AM, et al. Sida cordifolia Leaf Extract Reduces the Orofacial Nociceptive Response in Mice. Phytotherapy Research. 2011; 25(8): 1236-1241.

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Product Range:

Bala , Borovea Foot Cream , Brenovita Syrup , Chyawanprash , Kesharprash , Mahabhringaraj Taila , Mahamash Taila (Niramish) , Rumarid Gold Capsule , Srigopal Taila

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